[1] Yang JJ,Zheng J,Liu HJ,et al.Epinephrine infiltration on nasal field causes significant hemodynamic changes:hypotension episode monitored by impedance-cardiography under general anesthesia[J].Pharm Pharmaceut Sci,2006,9(2):190-197.
[2] Muralidhar K,Bhanumurthy S.Attenuation of cardiovascular response to subcutaneous adrenaline in neurosurgical patients[J].Br J Anaesth,1992,68(3):264-267.
[3] 胡益民,李建生,杨建军,等.浅全身麻醉减少头皮浸润注射肾上腺素引起的血压下降[J].医学研究生学报,2008,21(6):607-610.
[4] Li WY,Zhou ZQ,Ji JF,et al.Relatively light general anesthesia is more effective than fluid expansion in reducing the severity of epinephrine-induced hypotension during functional endoscopie surgery[J].Chin Med J(Engl),2007,120(15):1299-1302.
[5] Misra S,Koshy T,Suneel PR.Oral clonidine attenuates the fall in mean arterial pressure due to scalp infiltration with epinephrine-lidocaine solution in patients undergoing craniotomy [J].J Neurosurg Anesthesiol,2009,21(4):297-301.
[6] Bekker A,Sturaitis M,Bloom M,et al.The effect of dexmedetomidine on perioperative hemodynamics in patients undergoing craniotomy[J].Anesth Analg,2008,107(4):1340-1347.
[7] Friesen RH,Nichols CS,Twite MD,et al.The hemodynamic response to dexmedetomidine loading dose in children with and without pulmonary hypertension[J].Anesth Analg,2013,117(4):953-959.
[8] Jooste EH,Muhly WT,Ibinson JW,et al.Acute hemodynamic changes after rapid intravenous bolus dosing of dexmedetomidine in pediatric heart transplant patients undergoing routine cardiac catheterization[J].Anesth Analg,2010,111(6):1490-1496.
[9] Mason KP,Zurakowski D,Zgleszewski S,et al.Incidence and predictors of hypertension during high-dose dexmedetomidine sedation for pediatric MRI [J].Paediatr Anaesth,2010,20(6):516-523.
[10] Enlund M,Mentel O,Krekmanov L.Unintentional hypotension from lidocaine infiltration during orthognathic surgery and general anaesthesia[J].Acta Anaesthesiol Scand,200l,45(3):294-297.
[11] Yang JJ,Cheng HL,Shang RJ,et al.Hemodynamic changes due to infiltration of the scalp with epinephrine containing lidocaine solution:a hypotensive episode before craniotomy[J].Neurosurg Anesthesiol,2007,19(1):31-37.
[12] Hanuman S,Murthy MD,Rao GS.Cardiovascular responses to scalp infiltration with diferent concentrations of epinephrine with or without lidocaine during craniotomy[J].Anesth Analg,2001,92(6):1516-1519.
[13] Bloor BC,Ward DS,Belleville JP,et al.Effects of intravenous dexmedetomidine in humans:Ⅱ.Hemodynamic changes[J].Anesthesiology,1992,77(6):1134-1142.
[14] Talke P,Lobo E,Brown R.Systemically administered α2-agonist-induced peripheral vasoconstriction in humans[J].Anesthesiology,2003,99(1):65-70.
[15] Talke P,Stapelfeldt C,Lobo E,et al.Effect of α2B-adrenoceptor polymorphism on peripheral vasoconstriction in healthy volunteers[J].Anesthesiology,2005,102(7):536-542.
[16] Muszkat M,Sofowora GG,Xie HG,et al2B adrenergic receptor 301-303 deletion polymorphism and vascular α2 adrenergic receptor response[J].Pharmacogenet Genomics,2005,15(1):23-28.
[17] Muszkat M,Kurnik D,Solus J,et al.Variation in the α2B- adrenergic receptor gene(ADRA2B) and its relationship to vascular response in vivo[J].Pharmacogenet Genomics,2005,15(6):407-414.